City overview
City Impression
- The Land of Gods
- The City of Sunshine
 
Numbers
1,300---The city has 1,300 years of history.
3,650---Lhasa’s altitude is 3650 meters. It is considered as the highest cities in the world
 
Geography and Climate
Locked in by towering mountains, the Tibet Autonomous Region, on China's southwestern border, lies in the main part of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, the highest in the world. Set up as an autonomous region in 1965, it is situated 78'24"-99'06" east longitude and 26'52"-36'32" north latitude with an area of more than 1.2 million square kilometers, accounting for 1/8 of the country's total area and ranking 2nd only to Northeast China's Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in the country. Tibet neighbors Qinghai Province and Xinjiang in the north, Yunnan Province in the southeast, and Kashmir, India, Nepal, Sikkim (state in India), Bhutan, and Burma in the west and south.
 
With an altitude of 3650 meters (11,975 feet), Lhasa is one of the highest cities in the world. It has the highland temperate semi-arid monsoon climate. Annual rainfall here is considerable and mainly falls from the June to September Most of the time it rains at night. The air in Lhasa is thin and the temperature is comparatively low. The temperature differences during a single day can be large. Comparatively from March to October, the climate becomes mild and humid: this is the best season to travel in Tibet. The spring and winter in Lhasa are dry and windy. Generally the May Day Holiday is the beginning of the traveling season.
 
History and Culture
Before the mid-seventh century when Lhasa, later a central town of Tibetan region, was yet to come into being, the area called Wotang was a marshy land of wildness, frequented by antelopes. On one bright summer day, Songtsan Gampo, leader of the Tubo tribe that had risen to power in the Yarlung River Valley, was struck by the perilous position of an area flanked by two steep mountains, while bathing in the Lhasa River, and decided that this was to be the home of his kingdom. This ambitious Tibetan king moved the center of his rule to Wotang and ordered the construction of his residence on the hilltop of Potala. In 641 A.D., Songtsan Gampo who by this time had conquered the whole Tibetan region wedded Princess Wencheng of the Imperial Tang Court. When the princess arrived, she became convinced that Lake Wotang was a devil's heart to be overpowered by the construction of a grand temple after filling up the lake with earth. The princess further suggested that the earth be carried by white goats. This imposing grand temple became a symbol of the kingdom. The temple, later known as Jokhang, was initially named Lhasa, "the Sacred Land" in Tibetan. Over the centuries, Lhasa became a political and religious center of Tibet.

Tibetans like singing and dancing. Another local art is Tibetan Opera, which is one of the most famous art opera forms in China.
 
Some basic etiquette rules that should be followed when in Tibet include:
- Never touch the head of a Tibetan, the head is considered a sacred part of the body.
- Show proper respect in the temples, don’t wear noisy shoes, drink alcohol, smoke or make unnecessary noise.
- Don’t put your arms around someone’s shoulders.
- When visiting a temple, follow the pilgrims and circle the temple clockwise, never counterclockwise.
- Never touch, sit on or walk over any religious items such as prayer flags or texts.
- Don’t kill any animals or insects in monasteries.
- Don’t be intrusive during religious ceremonies, this means be respectful when taking photos.
- Don’t harm animals wearing red, yellow or green cloth.
- Don’t step on the threshold of Tibetan homes.
- Don’t spit in front of people.
- Don’t throw garbage into a fire.
- Don’t engage in strong displays of public affection.
- Dress modestly.
 
2012 China University Ranking
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