City overview
Yangzhou is a prefecture-level city in central Jiangsu province, People's Republic of China. Sitting on the northern bank of the Yangtze River, it borders the provincial capital of Nanjing to the southwest, Huai'an to the north, Yancheng to the northeast, Taizhou to the east, and Zhenjiang across the river to the south.
 
General Information
Rivers: the Yangtze River, Jinghang Canal, Baoshe River, Datong River, Beichengzi River, Tongyang Canal, Xintongyang Canal, Baima Lake, Baoying Lake, Gaoyou Lake, Shaobo Lake.
 
Local landscape: Slender west lake, Ge garden, He garden, Da ming temple, Phoenix island, etc. Subtropical monsoon climate with humid changeable wind; longer winters for about 4 months, summers 3 months and shorter springs and autumns, 2 months respectively; frost-free period of 222 days and annual average sunshine of 2177 hours. Average temperature: 15 °C annually; the hottest in July of 27.6 °C and the coldest in January of 1.7 °C; maximum temperature of 39.8 °C and minimum −19 °C
 
The annual average precipitation is 1,030 mm, and about 45 percent of rainfall is concentrated in the summer. The rainy season known as "plum rain season" usually lasts from mid-June to late July. During this season, the plums are ripening, hence the name plum rain.
 
History and Culture
Yangzhou has a history of almost 2,500 years, being founded in the spring and Autumn Period when it was called Guangling. It was called Hancheng during Warring States Period (403-221 BC) (Perkins). In 590 AD, the city began to be called Yangzhou, which was the traditional name of what was then the entire southeastern part of China.
 
During the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period, the city, still known as Guangling, was briefly made the capital of the Wu Kingdom.
 
Marco Polo served there under the Mongol emperor Kubilai Khan in the period around 1282-1287 (to 1285, according to Perkins). Yangzhou was the scene of a ten-day massacre in 1645 by the Qing army in which it is alleged 800,000 people died.
 
From the time of the Taiping Rebellion (1853) to the end of the Communist revolution (1949) Yangzhou was in decline, due to war damage and neglect of the Jinghang Canal as railways replaced it in importance; unfortunately, initial plans for railways connecting Yangzhou were deemed to be unimportant, and its status as the leading economic centre of China declined rapidly into a city of little importance. With the canal now partially restored, Yangzhou is once again an important transportation and market center. It also has some industrial output, chiefly in cotton and textiles. In 2004, a railway linked Yangzhou for the first time with Nanjing.
 
The city is famous for its public bath houses, lacquer ware, jade ware, embroidery, paper-cut, art & crafts velvet flavors. Yangzhou is also very famous for its toy industry (especially stuffed animals). Many tourists from neighboring cities travel to the city for its good-quality and low-priced toys.
 
Former President of China Jiang Zeminwas born and raised in Yangzhou. His middle school is located right across from the public notary's office in Yangzhou.
 
Transportation and communication
Airport
The Nanjing Lukou International Airport is over 100km away, and it takes one hour and 40 minutes to get there. There are over 10 airline ticket offices in the city, providing convenient service for foreign and domestic tourists.
 
Railway Station and Excursion Trains
Yangzhou has no railway station, but across the Yangtze River is Zhenjiang railway station, with round-clock ferry services. It takes 40 minutes to reach the station now, but with the completion of the Zhenjiang-Yangzhou Bridge, transportation will be faster and more convenient.
 
Harbor
Yangzhou harbor, 11.5 km away from the city center, is located at the junction of the Beijing-Hangzhou Canal and the Yangtze River. Now, it has developed into a comprehensive harbor, integrating passenger, freight, container transportation and harbor trade, and has become the main distribution center of northern Jiangsu Province, eastern Anhui Province and southeast Shandong Province. The harbor has greatly promoted the development of exports and the overall local economy.
 
Entry/Exit of Expressways
In recent years, the Yangzhou municipal Party committee and the local government have attached great importance to the development of the tourist industry, in conjunction with a greater effort dedicated to the improvement of the local road transport system.
 
Transportation in the Urban Area
The city has over 40 taxi companies of various ownerships, with a total of 1,571 vehicles. The construction department of the municipal government has strengthened the management of taxi services, providing education in the relevant laws, professional ethics and safety aspects.
2012 China University Ranking
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